Where profession/job/position are concerned, the information is based on the following questions the parents were asked to answer:
Profession/job: Write in a few words what your job is all about
Work/job/business activities are registered in six categories. Other information about the special characteristics of the work itself - what it is all about - is significant because environment, circumstances and the opportunity for social relations with colleagues, professional and personal development all significantly affect human well-being, engagement and points of view. The various key words used here to describe work functions within the six categories are culled from the respondents’ responses to the questionnaire.
Routine - examples include piece work in a factory, production line work with few or no opportunities for conversation or co-operation with other workers during work. Also includes seamstresses, conveyor-belt production line workers, cleaners, drivers, etc. This category also includes service work in stores, kiosks and shops where contact to other people is limited - e.g. sales assistant, salesman, sales representative, cash register operator, bank teller, etc.
Skilled work/technical - where the working process includes independent action and decision-making. This group includes decision-making personnel at lower and middle management level, e.g. within a number of trades, technical maintenance and repair work, data operation, agriculture and fisheries, etc.
Contact/communication - work in close contact with others, patients or clients, children and young people. In this research, the group included teachers, pedagogues, nurses, junior doctors, social workers, social advisors and policemen.
Another group within this category are service, commerce and communication at a higher management level where contact and relatively close co-operation are necessary.
The group also includes commerce, sales and casework where this takes place at a higher level with a certain client group or where there is close co-operation between the implicated parties, administrative and functional leadership and management.
Decision-makers - includes high-level academic work, teaching, development, prophylactic and other forms of care, research, leadership and decision-making in the public and private sectors.
Also included here are the high-level technical academics and technical functionaries, high-level decision-makers within industry, construction and accountancy, technical and electronic planners, research workers
Artistic/creative - includes practical, creative activities at all levels: authors, artists, designers, actors, musicians and composers, etc.
Other - All other forms of work not mentioned above. Also includes the unemployed, those with no special interests or engagements and “free wheelers” who draw attention to the fact that they do “absolutely nothing”.
Five times more men than women are employed at a higher level in a decision-making capacity.